Ylva Engström studied Chemistry and Medicine, and holds a doctorate i Biochemisty from the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm. Her present research is within the life science area and is focussed on the immune system and on developmental processes linked to cancer, using the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster as an experimental model. She has been a professor of Molecular Biology at Stockholm university since 2000, where she also served as the Vice Dean of The Science Faculty and as a member of the University Board between 2012-2020. She is Chair of the Board for the Science for Life Laboratory (SciLifeLab) since 2021. She has been a member of The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences since 2009, served as the Vice Chair of the Class for Biological Sciences 2016-2021, member of the Academy Board 2019-2021 and is a member of the Academy’s Research Policy Committee since 2017.