One of the key values for modern societies are well-guarded levels of physical and mental health, high life expectancy and equal access to healthcare. Although inequalities in health between individuals are unavoidable, countries are also faced with substantial and systematic differences in health between groups (‘health inequalities’).
Ample scientific evidence suggests that such inequalities are largely dependent on how well off an individual is as regards their socioeconomic position, their level of education or physical environment. However, scientists from different disciplines disagree on how exactly these social gradients are causally linked to health, and thus also on how best to mitigate the vulnerability of certain societal groups.
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