One of the key prerequisites for modern societies to maintain their progress is well-guarded levels of physical and mental health, high life expectancy and access to healthcare. Although some inequalities may be considered unavoidable, there is a whole array of other socioeconomic characteristics that can be tackled as to reduce the vulnerability of certain societal groups.
Ample evidence suggests that such inequalities are largely caused by social gradients. Depending on how well off an individual is as regards their socioeconomic position, their level of education or physical environment, many scientists agree on the overall causal pathways of disparities in health. Yet, each discipline holds its own view on the impact of these factors.