GENOME EDITING

Genome editing has been and continues to be one of the most hotly contested yet simultaneously most ground-breaking innovations of the past years and decades. Open questions and resulting legislative uncertainty remain at the top of the agenda. Key points are still in need of resolution for genome editing technologies to fulfill their promised potential while also ensuring their use within socially and ethically accepted frameworks.

As genome editing has implications for society as much as it has for its scholarly environment, an interdisciplinary approach is needed which harmonises what science can do with what society is willing to accept.

ALLEA is working on genome editing from a variety of angles. Our Working Group on Intellectual Property Rights has repeatedly published on the legal aspects of patenting inventions deriving from genome editing. Similarly, experts from the Working Group on Science & Ethics frequently contribute their expertise on discussions surrounding the conditions for the ethical use of genome editing techniques.

Genome Editing for Crop Improvement

Since the ruling of the Court of Justice of the EU of 2018, which placed genome-edited crops under the Genetically Modified Organisms (GMO) legislation, the scientific community has passionately debated the future of these new breeding techniques.

The ALLEA report “Genome Editing for Crop Improvement” presents the state of the art of scientific evidence in the field and explores paths to harmonise EU legislation with recent scientific developments, while particularly considering relevant ethical and societal considerations.

The report summarizes the discussions of the ALLEA and the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts symposium on genome editing for crop improvement on 7/8 November in Brussels.

Topics addressed:

  • The science behind genome editing
  • What can genome editing deliver for agriculture?
  • Societal considerations related to agricultural applications of genome editing
  • Traceability issues
  • Regulatory and legislation

Current Activities

Building on the report, ALLEA is currently participating in a cross-disciplinary Task Force on “Sustainable Agriculture and Innovation”which aims to develop scientifically backed proposals on how new innovations, such as genome editing in crops, can support the creation of more sustainable and resilient European agricultural systems.  

The task force is led and coordinated by Re-Imagine Europaa not-for-profit organisation that focuses on creating innovative solutions for the future of Europe. The initiative on sustainable agriculture, and the contributions from independent partner organizations ALLEA and EU-SAGE (a network representing scientists from a large group of European plant science institutes and societies), is supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates foundationThe task force is chaired by Carlos Moedasformer European Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation, and its expert committee is composed of approximately 100 prominent individuals representing a multitude of perspectives from academia, politics, and key stakeholder groups.  

ALLEA contributes to the activities of the task force by working with the network of European academies, thereby ensuring the engagement of relevant academic experts and the availability of independent and up-to-date scientific adviceProfessor Pere Puigdomènech, member of ALLEA’s Board, participates as member of the task force’s Steering Committee on behalf of ALLEA. 

ALLEA Contact

Dr Mathijs Vleugel

Scientific Policy Officer

vleugel@allea.org

Related Publications

Related News

Five Questions About Genome Editing for Crop Improvement

Dr Oana Dima, one of the lead authors of the ALLEA Report “Genome Editing for Crop Improvement”, responds to five key questions about the science behind new plant breeding techniques, from its applications to the impact of the current policy and legal impasse.

Academies’ report reviews debate on genome editing for crop improvement

The new ALLEA report "Genome Editing for Crop Improvement" presents the state of the art of scientific evidence in the field and explores paths to harmonise EU legislation with recent scientific developments, while particularly considering relevant ethical and societal considerations.

The potential and challenges of genome editing for crop improvement lively discussed in Brussels

The science behind genome editing, its regulation and its impact on society– those were only few of the topics discussed on 7 and 8 November in Brussels. The symposium 'Genome Editing for Crop Improvement', organised by ALLEA and the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts (KVAB) brought together eminent speakers and stakeholders to discuss how to harness the benefits of genome editing while ensuring a wide-spread acceptance of the new technology in society.