Maarten Prak is Professor of Social and Economic History at the Department of History and Art History, Utrecht University, Netherlands. He is an expert of early modern history, having authored and edited numerous publications on Dutch national history, comparative history of Europe, and global history. His research work has focused on topics like citizenship, institutions, cultural industries, guilds and human capital. His latest monograph is Citizens without Nations: Urban Citizenship in Europe and the World c. 1000-1789 (Cambridge University Press, 2018). In the past, Maarten Prak has been a visiting scholar at various universities in France, Germany and the UK. He chaired the Humanities Board of the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research NWO (2014-16), and served as a member of the governing board of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) until September 2020.