There are many possible pathways towards a carbon-neutral future. Achieving it by 2050 is possible, but this requires urgent action.
This is the central conclusion of SAPEA’s evidence review report on the energy transition, and the corresponding Scientific Opinion of the European Commission’s Group of Chief Scientific Advisors.
But this is not just a technical challenge. To make the energy transition a reality, we need to solve a huge systemic problem, coordinating countless individual voluntary decisions on investment, consumption and behaviour across Europe.
This means transforming the entire European energy system — a change which will affect every part of our society and require huge investment during the transition. It must be done in a socially equitable way. And we already need to accelerate progress if we want to achieve the EU’s target of net zero emissions by 2050.